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The Rise and Fall of Antibiotics

Many of us cannot remember a time when antibiotics were not around. Omnipresent in clinical settings, antibiotics have been playing crucial and diversified roles in medicine ever since the discovery of penicillin. It is not to anyone’s surprise, therefore, that bacterial resistance to this class of drugs has been described as “almost as big, if not bigger, than climate change,” and even as “the end of modern medicine.” To understand the scope of the issue, we must first tackle the questions of why bacteria develop resistance, how the overuse of antibiotics is changing the evolutionary landscape of microbes, and what is being done about it, both in Canada and around the world. Understanding A

STI Still Rampant Across the Globe Despite Efforts Made for Control

Despite recognition in the prevalence of sexually transmitted illnesses (STIs) in developing countries, actions taken to minimize transmission of these diseases over the years have not been effective. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), despite being curable, the majority of STIs still occur in developing countries with high mortality rates. A troubling statistic in modern times STIs still pose as a major health issue in the developing world even after years of attempted management and control. In the past decade, up to 85% of the 350 million cases of STIs occurred in developing countries. Most of these cases are treatable STIs such as gonorrhoea and syphilis, but still have hi

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